The Anthrax Murders:
The Israeli Connection, Part 1
American Dissident Voices broadcast
May 1, 2004
by Robert Pate
adapted for broadcast by
Kevin Alfred Strom
Welcome to American Dissident Voices. I'm Kevin Alfred Strom.
Today's program was written by National Vanguard researcher
Robert Pate and adapted for broadcast by myself. It is based on
Mr. Pate's article in the latest National Vanguard print
magazine, "The Anthrax Mystery: Solved." It is one of the most
compelling and important stories we've told since this program
began in 1991. The anthrax murders, which began shortly after the
9-11 terror attacks, remain officially unsolved. Was this
bio-terrorism a case of an Arab attack on Americans because 'they
hate our freedom'? Was it the work of a 'domestic terrorist'
motivated by hate of the US media or government? You're about to
hear the evidence, and the evidence points to none of these
things: Instead it points to the anthrax attacks being an
operation of a foreign intelligence service with capabilities and
motives identical to those of the murderous Israeli Mossad.
Listen to the evidence and decide for yourself as American
Dissident Voices presents "The Anthrax Murders, the Israeli
Connection," part 1:
ON OCTOBER 4, 2001, reporters in Florida announced the first case
in 25 years of a person contracting the deadly bacterium anthrax.
The following day, Robert Stevens, the photo editor of the
Florida-based tabloid Sun, died. His death was the beginning of
the Anthrax Mystery, America's worst-and most baffling-case of
bio-terrorism. Days later, four other persons in the New York
City and Washington, DC areas would die from anthrax spores that
leaked from tainted letters sent through the mail. Seventeen
others would become infected, and hundreds of millions of dollars
would be spent on cleaning up contaminated office buildings and
postal facilities. All of these events came just a few days after
the tragedy of September 11. It appeared the terrorists had
struck again, but this time the attack was biological.
Investigators believe seven letters containing anthrax spores
were mailed. Four of the seven are thought to have been mailed on
the same day and addressed to major media outlets in New York
City: ABC News, CBS News, NBC News, and the New York Post. Of
these, only the NBC and New York Post letters were recovered.
Letters believed to be addressed to ABC News and CBS News offices
caused two persons to develop anthrax infections. One was a
seven-month-old boy brought in by his mother, a producer at ABC
News; the other was an assistant to Dan Rather at CBS. These
letters were never found.
The two recovered letters did not have a return address but were
postmarked September 18, 2001 in Trenton, New Jersey. They
contained identical messages tending to indicate that the
perpetrators were Islamic terrorists. The notes read, "09-11-01,
THIS IS NEXT, TAKE PENACILIN [sic] NOW, DEATH TO AMERICA, DEATH
TO ISRAEL, ALLAH IS GREAT."
It is also believed an anthrax-laced letter was mailed to the
Interestingly, hoax letters claiming to contain anthrax were
mailed days later from St. Petersburg, Florida. However, instead
of anthrax spores, these letters contained a harmless substance
described by some as looking like talcum powder. One of these
hoax letters was again addressed to NBC News in New York City. In
addition, Judith Miller, the author of a book on bio-terrorism
and a reporter on the Middle East for the New York Times,
received an anthrax hoax letter at her office. The St. Petersburg
Times and Fox News also received similar hoax letters.
The mailing of the hoax letters cannot be considered the work of
a copycat. For example, the NBC News hoax letter was mailed on
September 20. This would have been two days after the NBC News
letter containing anthrax was mailed from Trenton, New Jersey.
The remaining hoax letters were mailed between October 5 and 9.
News reports naming media outlets that received the original
anthrax letters were on October 12 and 13. A copycat mailer could
have acted only after October 12, when the public first became
aware of the media anthrax letters. The apparent purpose of
mailing the hoax letters was to foster the anthrax scare and
create a media frenzy.
The mailings of anthrax-laced letters from New Jersey and the
Florida hoax letters that followed were probably coordinated. The
mailing sites of Trenton, New Jersey and St. Petersburg, Florida
were chosen, perhaps, to emphasize an Arab or Islamic connection
in the minds of Americans. Trenton is the home of a large
Arab-American community. Also, several of the September 11
hijackers had lived in both areas. The mailers of the anthrax and
hoax letters wanted the public to think that remnants of al-Qaeda
were still around and active.
However, the mailing of the anthrax letters shows a degree of
media savvy that would be unusual for foreign Islamic terrorists.
The persons who sent the letters knew which media outlets would
have the greatest influence on the public. Even today, with the
advent of cable and satellite television, the three major
television broadcast networks remain as the primary source of
news for most Americans. The New York Post and the National
Enquirer are tabloid papers and were likely chosen for their
sensational headlines. Of all the papers in New York City, the
New York Post would have screamed the loudest concerning the
threat from Islamic terrorists. For Americans who don't follow
the news, the National Enquirer, with its presence at every
checkout stand in America, would convey the message. The desired
effect in choosing these media outlets was to alarm the public
and to remind them these terrorists wanted to destroy both
America and Israel.
But only five of the seven anthrax letters were sent to media
outlets. The remaining two were addressed to members of the
United States Senate. These letters were posted on Tuesday,
October 9, exactly three weeks from the first anthrax mailings,
and four weeks from September 11. The letters were addressed to
two of America's most liberal Democrat Senators: Tom Daschle of
South Dakota and Patrick Leahy of Vermont.
An aide opened the Daschle letter on October 15. A puff of powder
quickly flew out of the letter. Capitol police were called and a
Hazmat team sealed off the Senator's office. This letter had a
different note that read, "09-11-01, YOU CAN NOT STOP US. WE HAVE
THIS ANTHRAX. YOU DIE NOW. ARE YOU AFRAID? DEATH TO AMERICA.
DEATH TO ISRAEL. ALLAH IS GREAT."
Once tests confirmed the Daschle letter actually contained
anthrax, all Capitol mail was stopped and impounded for further
investigation. The Leahy letter would be found on November 16 in
the impounded mail. It also contained anthrax spores and an
identical note. It is believed the Leahy letter was delayed and
misdirected due to an initial misreading of the letter's zip
The Senate letters had a fictitious return address indicating
they came from school children. The return address read, "4th
Grade, Greendale School, Franklin Park NJ 08852." Apparently, it
was thought a letter coming from school children would have a
better chance of reaching the intended targets without raising
The envelopes and notes have yielded few clues leading to the
true identities of the persons who were responsible for the
anthrax attacks. Obviously, the senders tried to mask who they
were and to hide their true motives. Investigators turned to
analyzing the anthrax material itself.
Anthrax is a spore-forming germ, Bacillus anthracis, and can be
found in livestock such as sheep or cattle. Analysis of the
spores from the letters revealed them all to be of the same
strain. This particular strain, known as the Ames strain, was
first researched at the Army's Medical Research Institute of
Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), Fort Detrick, Maryland. This
strain of anthrax bacteria originally came from a single cow that
had died in Texas in 1981. Ames has the reputation of being
deadlier than other anthrax strains. Some have called Ames the
"gold standard" of anthrax.
From Fort Detrick, the Ames strain was sent to researchers in at
least fifteen laboratories within the United States and six
laboratories abroad. It is not known how many other universities
and labs may have had access to the strain, but according to one
law-enforcement official "more labs than you think" could have
obtained the Ames strain.
In the past, microbiologists attending conferences on infectious
diseases would take vials of various strains and simply swap them
with each other to aid in their research. Martin Hugh-Jones, a
scientist at Louisiana State University, stated that during this
period deadly pathogens were traded "like playing cards."
Investigators examining the anthrax spores within the letters
found them to be of different grades, with the best among them
considered by some to be "weapons grade" material. A modern spray
drying technique was used in preparing these spores, instead of
the older method of milling. Also, radiocarbon dating found the
spores to be relatively newly-created-not more than two years
Of the two anthrax letters that were recovered in New York City,
the New York Post letter was found unopened and still contained
the anthrax material. The NBC News anthrax letter tested positive
for anthrax, but only a trace amount remained after it was
opened. Major General John Parker, with the U.S. Army Medical
Research and Materiel Command, said one of his scientists
described the New York Post sample as, "looking like Purina Dog
Chow." It had coarse brown granules but was densely packed with
anthrax spores and highly concentrated.
In contrast, the anthrax in the Daschle letter was like a fine
white powder; General Parker compared it to talcum powder. Under
the microscope the Daschle sample was ten times denser in anthrax
spores when compared to the New York Post sample.
A team of scientists at the Fort Detrick lab opened the Leahy
letter on December 5. This letter also contained a very fine
powder which was easily made airborne. The Leahy letter had
particles that were smaller and more uniform in size compared to
the Daschle letter. This made the anthrax spores in the Leahy
letter even deadlier: Smaller spores of a uniform size have a
better chance of entering the respiratory system and causing
It was reported the quality of the anthrax spores found in the
Leahy letter surpassed previously known state-sponsored
bio-weapons programs. According to Newsweek, "The Leahy
anthrax…was coated with a chemical compound unknown to experts
who have worked in the field for years; the coating matches no
known anthrax samples ever recovered from biological-weapons
producers anywhere in the world, including Iraq and the former
Soviet Union." The anthrax in the Leahy letter has proven to be a
superior product. Bio-defense experts assisting the FBI have so
far been unable to duplicate the anthrax material through any
reverse engineering processes. Investigators are left with the
uncertain choice of deciding if this was the work of a lone
brilliant scientist-or a state-sponsored bio-weapons program.
So who sent the anthrax? Some, like Barbara Hatch Rosenberg with
the leftist Federation of America Scientists (FAS), have a
suspect. In her report, "Analysis of the Anthrax Attacks,"
Rosenberg presents her profile of the anthrax attacker,
accompanied by her own political biases. Rosenberg believes the
attacker has connections with the U.S. government. She believes
he is being protected by the FBI and has information on secret
programs the government does not wish to be disclosed.
In her profile, Rosenberg identified the attacker as a
bio-defense insider with a doctoral degree. He is a middle-aged
American who is skilled in working with dangerous pathogens. She
boldly claims he is also a CIA contractor based in the
Washington, DC area. There is no mystery as to the identity of
Rosenberg's suspect. Her suspect is the person around whom she
has built her profile: Dr. Steven J. Hatfill.
Barbara Rosenberg began her mission to 'bring Dr. Hatfill to
justice' by giving a series of lectures and media interviews
accusing the FBI of stalling the investigation. Eventually, she
was able to arrange a meeting with Senate staffers and FBI agents
in attendance. Several of the staffers worked for Senators
Daschle and Leahy, the recipients of the anthrax letters. Without
revealing his name, Barbara Rosenberg indicated to everyone there
that her suspect, Dr. Hatfill, was responsible for the anthrax
A week later-apparently as a result of Senate pressure-the FBI
brought Dr. Hatfill into public view. In an investigation that
had previously been out of the spotlight, the media were now
alerted to the FBI's scrutiny of Rosenberg's suspect. When the
FBI searched Dr. Hatfill's apartment, the media, with helicopters
overhead, covered it live on national television. The whole world
was now aware of the public pursuit (and some would later say the
public persecution) of Dr. Hatfill.
In response to this attention, Dr. Hatfill was forced to hold two
press conferences and declare his innocence. On Aug. 11, 2002,
Dr. Hatfill said, "After eight months of one of the most
intensive public and private investigations in American history,
no one-no one-has come up with a shred of evidence that I had
anything to do with the anthrax letters."
Whatever their motives, the FBI was certainly having problems
connecting Dr. Hatfill to the crimes: They could not place
Hatfill in Trenton, New Jersey at the time of the mailings, and
no residue of anthrax material could be found anywhere he had
lived or visited. There was no physical evidence whatsoever
connecting Dr. Hatfill with the anthrax mailings.
Hatfill is said to be one of perhaps 30 scientists who could have
carried out this attack. His background as a former researcher at
Fort Detrick placed him on the list. However, Dr. Hatfill claims
to be an expert on viruses such as Ebola and Marburg, and not on
anthrax bacteria. Dr. Hatfill has publicly stated that he has
never worked with anthrax.
The FBI initially interviewed Dr. Hatfill in January 2002,
apparently as part of the investigation's broader look at
scientists with a connection to the bio-defense community. At
that time, Dr. Hatfill took a lie-detector test in an effort to
clear his name. The agent who gave him the test reportedly said,
"I'm satisfied. I believe you had nothing to do with the
Steven Hatfill studied biology at Southwestern College in
Winfield, Kansas. During this period, he left his studies and
traveled to Kapanga, Zaire, where he worked with Dr. Glenn
Eschtruth as a medical missionary. After graduating from
Southwestern in 1975, Hatfill enlisted in the United States Army.
In October 1976 he married Caroline Eschtruth, the daughter of
It would be only a few months after their marriage when Cuban-led
mercenaries based in Angola attacked Dr. Eschtruth's mission. The
mercenaries captured Dr. Eschtruth and later executed him, a
tragedy which left a strong impression on Hatfill. He and his
wife Caroline were divorced in May 1978. Shortly thereafter,
Hatfill returned to Africa and continued his medical education.
Hatfill attended the Godfrey Huggins Medical School in
White-ruled Rhodesia, graduating in 1984. While in Rhodesia,
Hatfill claims to have served with the Selous Scouts. The Selous
Scouts were Rhodesia's crack counterinsurgency troops used
against the terrorists who wanted to overthrow the White
government. In 1980, as a result of international pressure,
Rhodesia was turned over to the Black Mugabe government, which
still rules there today. The country would later have its name
changed to Zimbabwe. In 1984, Hatfill moved to the Republic of
South Africa to further his medical studies and research.
While in South Africa, Hatfill was in contact with Aquila, the
paramilitary wing of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) or
Afrikaner Resistance Movement. The AWB was the largest White
resistance group active in preventing the Black takeover of South
Africa. Some have labeled the AWB a 'neo-Nazi' organization. One
has only to look at their political banner to come to this
conclusion: It is very similar to National Socialist Germany's
swastika flag but, instead of a swastika, uses a triskelion-an
ancient symbol which resembles three "sevens" arranged in a
A colleague of Hatfill's at Stellenbosch University's
radiobiology laboratory saw a newspaper photo of AWB leader
Eugene Terre'Blanche surrounded by Dr. Hatfill and members of the
Aquila Brigade. This colleague-in an apparent effort to expose
Hatfill-placed the photo on the lab's notice board. When
confronted, Hatfill made no secret of his AWB ties. The colleague
claimed, "This photo was put up on the lab notice board-and led
to Hatfill boasting that he was the weapons trainer of the
Western Cape Branch of Aquila." Since that time, the photo has
not been seen by the public.
Several amazing coincidences have contributed to the intense
interest in Hatfill shown by investigators. They also help to
explain why some, like Barbara Rosenberg, are so convinced Dr.
Hatfill was responsible for the anthrax attacks.
One coincidence concerning Dr. Hatfill and his times in Africa is
the "Greendale School" reference that appeared as the return
address on the anthrax letters sent to Senators Daschle and
Leahy. There was an upscale suburb of Salisbury, Rhodesia, known
as Greendale; the neighborhood school there was informally known
as Greendale School. The school was actually named after White
Rhodesian patriot Courtney Selous, after whom the Selous Scouts
were named. As mentioned previously, Hatfill claims to have
served with this group.
Another coincidence involves Dr. Hatfill's commissioning William
Patrick, an expert on weaponized anthrax, to write a report on
the proper procedures to be used if an anthrax letter arrived in
the mail. Hatfill's employer at the time, Science Applications
International Corporation (SAIC), saw a need for emergency
responders to know exactly what to do if this were ever to occur.
In the SAIC report, written two years before the anthrax
mailings, Patrick describes how a few grams of anthrax spores
could be sent in envelopes and details the proper emergency
procedures that should be followed if this were to take place.
The report was provided to the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention in Atlanta. They, at the time, were working on a
similar report and provided the information they assembled to
police and fire departments via the Internet. Dr. Hatfill's
attorney Victor Glasberg denies the Patrick report was any type
of "blueprint" for an anthrax mailing. Glasberg said, "There is
zero data in the report. It shows you what you do after it
Perhaps the most suspicious coincidence was the mysterious
anthrax hoax letter mailed from London, England, in November
2001, and addressed to Senator Tom Daschle. Within the envelope
were a powdery substance and a threatening note. At the time of
the mailing, Hatfill was in England training to be a United
Nations bio-weapons inspector for a future mission in Iraq. As
previously mentioned, several anthrax hoax letters were mailed to
media organizations. This hoax letter was the first and only one
sent to a Senator. Some within the FBI wonder if the London
letter may have been an attempt to frame Dr. Hatfill.
One outfit that has spent a great deal of time and energy in
blaming Dr. Hatfill for the anthrax attacks is the Jewish Defense
Organization (JDO). This group has labeled Hatfill a "Nazi"
because of his ties to the Afrikaner Resistance Movement. In The
Weekly Standard article, "The Hunting of Steven J. Hatfill,"
David Tell claims the JDO is responsible for spreading many of
the damning accusations that now surround Dr. Hatfill. The JDO is
an offshoot of the terrorist Jewish Defense League, founded by
the late Rabbi Meir Kahane. Today, the JDO spends most of its
time feeding reporters and commentators hateful and misleading
information concerning Dr. Hatfill. Tell describes the JDO as the
"central clearinghouse of Hatfill demonology." He claims
mainstream reporters will use the JDO material on Hatfill but
will never acknowledge their source. It is interesting that a
small extremist group like the Jewish Defense Organization
appears to have been the first to "document" the background and
personal history of Dr. Steven Hatfill.
The evidence is mounting that Dr. Hatfill is an innocent man and
had nothing to do with the anthrax attacks. Reporters and
investigators will realize this when those responsible for the
anthrax mailings are identified.
* * *
Be sure and listen next week to 'The Anthrax Murders: The Israeli
Connection, part 2," written by National Vanguard magazine
researcher Robert Pate and adapted for broadcast by Kevin Alfred
Strom. You can read the full and unabridged article, fully
referenced and documented, only in National Vanguard magazine. A
copy may be obtained for $5 postpaid in the US and Canada, $8
elsewhere. A six-issue subscription is only $18 in the US, $26 in
Canada, and $36 worldwide. Write to National Vanguard Books, Box
330, Hillsboro WV 24946 USA. Or you may order online at
natvan.com or nationalvanguard.org.